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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

  1. The official language of the Journal is English (UK) and the document should be prepared in Microsoft Word using, Times New Roman, font size 12-point, single spaced and formatted to A4 page size.
  2. The paper title should be centred and in title case, i.e., capitalize the first letter of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs; do not capitalize articles, coordinate conjunctions or prepositions (unless the title begins with such a word).
  3. After the main title leave one 12-point blank line.
  4. Authors’ name(s), affiliation(s) and e-mail(s) address(s) to be centred beneath the title, non-boldfaced. Multiple authors should be shown in a two- or three-column format.
  5. Following the author’s information, a 250-300 word abstract should be provided with a minimum of five and a maximum of seven key words that can be identified with key issues in the paper. The abstract is to be in fully-justified italicized text below the author information. It should be informative and completely self-explanatory. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations avoided.
  6. Use the word “Abstract” as the title, bold-face and centred relative to body of the paper. The title should also have top and bottom borders. The abstract is to be unstructured and single-spaced in a single-blocked paragraph. After the key words, insert a bottom border.
  7. Leave one blank line after the abstract then begin the main text.
  8. The text of your paper should be single spaced without inserting page numbers.
  9. Allow one blank line between the main titles in the paper. Main headings should be centred, bold and capitalized. The second order headings should be boldface, with the first letters of each word capitalized and left aligned. Third-order headings, if necessary, should be boldface, italicized, and left aligned.
  10. Titles of figures, plates and table should be in title case, bold and centred. Figures, plates and tables must be numbered separately and sequentially. Figure and plate captions are to be centred below the figures. Table titles are to be centred above the tables.
  11. References should be at the end of the paper and should be listed alphabetically. References and citations within the text should be in the APA format. References should be typed in 10 point font size.
  12. Where applicable, SI unit should be used.
  13. Maximum number of words and pages should be between 4000 and 5000 words (5-7 pages)
  14. When submitting, disable all document security and remove all hyperlinks.
  15. To ensure a uniform format, the paper should have a logical sequence.

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